Skin is the largest organ of your body. Unlike the heart or lungs, the skin is also the only organ which is constantly exposed to the elements of the outside world. Over the years, exposure to the sun, wind and other factors can take a toll on your skin.
Many facial peel treatment options are designed to accelerate the removal of old dead cells at the surface of the skin, bringing forth the softer, smoother skin below. Peel treatments are very gentle, unlike the more aggressive laser surgery techniques available and have less associated side effects.
There are several types of chemical peel, each using different chemicals and fruit acids. Medium and deep peels use TCA (Trichloroacetic acid) Peel.
The TCA peel works by causing sloughing or removal of the upper layers of skin. Normally these are the layers that are damaged by the elements and neglect. By removing the upper layers of skin, the overall skin texture is dramatically smoothed, superficial wrinkles are quickly eliminated and colour irregularities are improved. The advantage of this peel is that it’s pasty like texture makes the application easy and ensures even uptake into the skin. Patients benefit from regaining a fresher more vibrant appearance.
It has been used for many years to treat facial wrinkles, age spots, pigment abnormalities, mask of pregnancy and other superficial skin problems such as sun damaged skin. (Including pre-cancerous lesions), acne scarring, freckles, appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and the appearance of superficial scars.
The TCA peel is one of the most innovative ways to easily and optimally rejuvenate the skin using a special based formulation. When TCA is applied to the skin, it causes the top layers of cells to dry up and peel off over a period of several days. When the old skin has peeled off, it exposes a new layer of undamaged skin which has a smoother texture and more even colour.
Medium peels can remove skin cells from the epidermis but also the middle layer of the skin. A burning or stinging sensation may be felt during the application, and the skin may change colour slightly in the days following the treatment, but this usually returns to normal after a few weeks. Medium peels usually need to be repeated every 6-12 months.
Deep peels protrude into the lower part of the dermis (skin) and may require a local anaesthetic and sedative. The peel is usually left on for around 30 minutes, but this varies dependant on the individual. You may experience some peeling, redness and discomfort for a few days, but most of the swelling should have subsided after 14 days. It is advised that no make up is worn for 48 hours. A deep peel has lasting effects and therefore only needs one application, unlike medium or superficial peels.